Iconography
ARCHITECTURE
Greece
AthensChurch of the Virgin Gorgoepikoos and St Eleftherios
GODS & MYTHS
Hercules
Single figure Standing With club and lion skinHercules leaning on club
MAGIC & SCIENCE
Astronomy and astrology
Constellations Zodiac VirgoSingle figureWith ear(s) of corn (Spica) → Without other attributes
Constellations Zodiac LibraSingle figureAs claws of Scorpio (Chelai)
Constellations Zodiac CyclesMultiple imagesZodiac only - not in calendars or linked to the Months → Athens, Hagios Eleftherios (Hellenistic, seasons, Attic months, festivals and zodiacal signs)
Time
Seasons Cycles 3rd century BC - 2nd century AD Athens, Hagios Eleftherios (Attic Calendar)
Seasons Individual Autumn
Months Personifications of the Months Athenian CalendarMetageitnion (August - September)
Months Personifications of the Months Athenian CalendarBoedromion (September - October)
Months Personifications of the Months Athenian CalendarCyclesAthens, Hagios Eleftherios (Hellenistic cycle of seasons, months. the zodiac and feasts)
SOCIAL LIFE
Festivals
AncientAthensHerakleia
Further details
Fragments of Attic Calendar re-used in the church facade. According to Deubner first Autumn, then Metageitnion, then Hercules for the Herakleia, then Virgo, then Boedromion, then a young man on horseback, probably because the Epheboi practiced riding in this season, then Chelai (claws of Scorpio)
ARTIST/CREATOR
Hellenistic
DATE
3rd century BC - 2nd century date controversial
LOCATION
Athens, Hagios Eleftherios (Panagia Gorgoepikoos)
PAGE/FOLIO/PLATE NUMBER
3
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Hamburg stamp (Bibliothek Warburg)
DESCRIPTION
Schlagwort Astrol. Planeten
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
Ludwig Deubner, Attische Feste, Berlin 1932, pp. 248-254, nos. 18-24, nos. 35-41
Rights and permissions
This material is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 3.0 Unported License
Acknowledgements
Record created with the generous support of the Dean's Development Fund of the School of Advanced Study, University of London
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk