Iconography
ARCHITECTURE
Italy
SienaPalazzo del Magnifico
LITERATURE
Ancient
HomerOdyssey CyclesMiscellaneous
HomerOdyssey Scenes without a clear textual sourcePenelope weaving or undoing the shroud of Laertes (referred to in Book IV, vv. 94-109, and Book XIX, vv. 137-154)Penelope weaving, with the suitors bursting in
HomerOdyssey Book X: Ulysses reports his adventures (Aeolus, Laestrygonians, Circe)vv. 371-387: Before eating a meal, Ulysses asks Circe to return his companions to the human form
HomerOdyssey Book XII: Ulysses reports his adventures (Elpenor, Sirens, Scylla and Charybdis, Cattle of Sol)vv. 181-191: Ulysses (bound to the mast) and his companions (with their ears stuffed) pass the Sirens
HomerOdyssey Book II: Telemachus's conflict with the suitors and departurevv. 94-105: Penelope is accused of having promised to marry when she has finished weaving the shroud of Laertes, but dissolving every night what she has woven during the day
Further details
This image shows apparently the suitors entering Penelope's room and seeing her weaving - it may allude to Odyssey, book IV, vv. 94-110, which reports that the suitors caught her destroying the woven fabric during the night, but it more probably shows the perillous state of faithful Penelope
ARTIST/CREATOR
Pinturicchio, Bernardino (c1452-1513)
DATE
1509
LOCATION
London, National Gallery (inv. NG911; from the Palazzo del Magnifico in Siena)
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RELATIONS
National Gallery
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk