Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Othoniel, Ehud (Aod) and Samgar (Jud. 3) Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshare (Jud. 3:31)
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Three Valiant Men (2 Kings 23) David, despite being tender like a woodworm, once killed eight hundred Egyptians (2 Kings 23:8, in some translations not David but Adino or Hachmonis, one of his heroes)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsToledo, Archivo Capitular, MS 10.8 (Bologna, 1320-1340, destroyed)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17d: David kills eight hundred enemies → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17d: David kills eight hundred enemies → Variant: David, with sword over his head but no shield, attacks enemies on his right or left - or the enemies there already dead
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17c: Samgar kills six hundred enemies with a ploughshare → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17c: Samgar kills six hundred enemies with a ploughshare → Original composition: Samgar stands in the centre, holding a ploughshare above his head, with the enemies at his feet
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 3:31: Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshareType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:8: David, although like a tender little worm of the wood, killed eight-hundred enemiesType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ The soldiers fall back with 2 Kings 23:8: David, although like a tender little worm of the wood, killed eight-hundred enemies (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ The soldiers fall back with Jud. 3:31: Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshare (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Bolognese
DATE
1320 - 1340
LOCATION
Toledo, Archivo Capitular → 10.8, fol. 20r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk