Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Three Valiant Men (2 Kings 23) The Three Valiant Men offer the water to David (2 Kings 23:16)
3 Kings (A.V. I Kings) The Queen of Saba (3 Kings 10) The Queen of Saba brings gifts to Solomon (3 Kings 10:10)Solomon on the lions' throne, Queen not black
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsToledo, Archivo Capitular, MS 10.8 (Bologna, 1320-1340, destroyed)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 9: Adoration of the Magi9d: The throne of Solomon and the Queen of Saba → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 9: Adoration of the Magi9d: The throne of Solomon and the Queen of Saba → Original composition: Solomon's throne decorated with lions and hands, at the bottom of the steps the Queen of Saba, often holding a vessel
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 9: Adoration of the Magi9c: The Three Valiant Men bring water to David → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 9: Adoration of the Magi9c: The Three Valiant Men bring water to David → Original composition: David seated, next to one kneeling and two standing men holding vessels
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:14-17: The Three Valiant Men bring water from Bethlehem to DavidType for the Adoration of the Magi (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 3 Kings 3 Kings 10:1-3: The Queen of Saba visits SolomonType for the Adoration of the Magi (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 3 Kings 3 Kings 10:18-20: The Throne of SolomonType for the Adoration of the Magi (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Adoration of the Magi with 3 Kings 10:1-3: Meeting of Solomon and the Queen of Saba (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Adoration of the Magi with 2 Kings 23:14-17: The three strong men bring water to David (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Adoration of the Magi with 3 Kings 10:18-20: The Throne of Solomon (SHS)
SECULAR ICONOGRAPHY
Coats-of-Arms
Fictive Biblical figuresDavid's valiant men
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Bolognese
DATE
1320 - 1340
LOCATION
Toledo, Archivo Capitular → 10.8, fol. 12r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
Evelyn Silber, The early iconography of the Speculum Humanae Salvationis: The Italian connection in the Fourteeenth Century, PhD Cambridge 1982 (typoscr.), pl. 17
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk