Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Numbers Balaam (Bileam) and Balak (Num. 22-24) Balaam's ass stopped by an angel (Num. 22:22-30)
Virgin Mary
SymbolsSymbols taken from the Bible Cant. 4:12: Hortus conclusus soror mea, sponsa, hortus conclusus, fons signatus (My sister, my spouse, is a garden enclosed, a garden enclosed, a fountain sealed up)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsBrussels, Bibliothèque Royale, MS 281-283 (2140) (Rhineland, c1390)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3d: Balaam (Bileam) and the angel → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3d: Balaam (Bileam) and the angel → Original composition: The angel, with a lifted sword, confronts Balaam, who lifts his scourge or club, no star visible
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3c: The Garden Enclosed and Fountain Sealed Up → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3c: The Garden Enclosed and Fountain Sealed Up → Original composition: Garden with circular walls, inside a simple well, often with rope and bucket above, not always clearly sealed
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Numbers Num. 22:21-27: An angel blocking the way of Bileam's assType for the Annuncation of the Conception of the Virgin Mary to Joachim (SHS)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Cantica Canticorum Cant. 4:12: The bride as enclosed garden and sealed fountainType for the Annunciation of the Conception of the Conception of the Virgin Mary to Joachim (SHS)
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Annunciation of the Conception of the Virgin Mary to Joachim with Num. 22:21-27: An angel blocking the way of Bileam's ass (SHS)
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Annunciation of the Conception of the Virgin Mary to Joachim with Cant. 4:12: The bride as enclosed garden and sealed fountain (SHS)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Rhineland from Steinhaus monastery near Wuppertal
DATE
circa 1390
LOCATION
Brussels, Bibliothèque royale de Belgique → 281-283 (cat. no. 2140), fol. 7r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk