Iconography
LITERATURE
Modern
Comestor, PetrusHistoria ScholasticaNon-biblical EpisodesDaniel - Nabuchodonosor's body cut into 300 parts and fed to 300 birds
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) David and Absalom (2 Kings 15-19) Joab's men attack Absalom with swords (2 Kings 18:15)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsBrussels, Bibliothèque Royale, MS 281-283 (2140) (Rhineland, c1390)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25d: Evil-Merodach cuts the body of his father Nabuchodonosor in 300 parts and feeds them to 300 birds → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25d: Evil-Merodach cuts the body of his father Nabuchodonosor in 300 parts and feeds them to 300 birds → Original composition: Evil-Merodach standing behind a table with Nabuchodonosor's body, in the foreground two birds with his head
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25c: Absalom, already wounded by lances, is attacked with swords → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25c: Absalom, already wounded by lances, is attacked with swords → Original composition: In the middle Absalom hanging from the tree, pierced by three spears, at the left and right a soldier attacking him with a sword
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swordsType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Evilmerodach cutting the dead body of his father Nabuchodonosor into 300 parts (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swords (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Evil-Merodach cuts the body of Evil-Merodach into 300 partsType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Rhineland from Steinhaus monastery near Wuppertal
DATE
circa 1390
LOCATION
Brussels, Bibliothèque royale de Belgique → 281-283 (cat. no. 2140), fol. 29r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk