Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Abimelech (Jud. 9) A woman kills Abimelech by throwing a stone from the tower of Thebes (Jud. 9:50-54)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsBrussels, Bibliothèque Royale, MS 281-283 (2140) (Rhineland, c1390)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → Original composition: Simultaneously the woman on the tower holds the millstone, it hits Abimelech beneath, his armourbearer kills him
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill himModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill him (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Rhineland from Steinhaus monastery near Wuppertal
DATE
circa 1390
LOCATION
Brussels, Bibliothèque royale de Belgique → 281-283 (cat. no. 2140), fol. 42r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk