Iconography
LITERATURE
Modern
Comestor, PetrusHistoria ScholasticaNon-biblical Episodes3 Kings - Solomon imprisons an ostrich chick in a glass vessel - the ostrich liberates it by squirting the blood of a worm onto the glass
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Daniel The Hebrews in the fiery furnace (Dan. 3) The Hebrews in the fiery furnaceWithout Nabuchodonosor Angel in the centre behind the Hebrews
Daniel Daniel in the lions' den (Dan. 6 and 14) In the lions' den - without kingwith Habacuc and angel
Life of Christ
After the Passion Harrowing of Hell Hell as a four-tiered structure (Hell proper, Limbus puerorum, Purgatory, Limbus patrum), which Christ in the top register
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsGlasgow, University Library, Hunter 60 (Bruges, 1454-1455)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 28: Christ entering Limbo28d: The ostrich dissolves a glass vessel with the blood of a worm to liberate its chick inside → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 28: Christ entering Limbo28d: The ostrich dissolves a glass vessel with the blood of a worm to liberate its chick inside → Variant: Ostrich squirting the blood (not always visible) of a snake onto the glass vessel, inside which the chick is visible, Solomon not present
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 28: Christ entering Limbo28c: Habacuc brings food to Daniel in the lions' den → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 28: Christ entering Limbo28c: Habacuc brings food to Daniel in the lions' den → Variant: Daniel in a prison or on a tower, often with the king watching
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 28: Christ entering Limbo28b: Three Hebrews in the fiery furnace protected by an angel → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 28: Christ entering Limbo28b: Three Hebrews in the fiery furnace protected by an angel → Original composition: Furnace seen from the front, large angel standing behind the Hebrews
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 28: Christ entering Limbo28a: The structure of Hell, Purgatory and Limbo, with Christ entering Limbo → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 28: Christ entering Limbo28a: The structure of Hell, Purgatory and Limbo, with Christ entering Limbo → Variant: Christ, normally carrying the Cross, greeted at the side of the Limbus Patrum in the top register
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Daniel Dan. 14:36-38: Daniel fed by Habacuc in the lions' denType for the Harrowing of Hell (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ entering Limbo)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Daniel Dan. 3:49-50: An angel protects the Hebrews in the fiery furnaceType for the Harrowing of Hell (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ entering Limbo)
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types The ostrich liberates its chick imprisoned by Solomon in a glass vessel by squirting the blood of a worm onto itType for the Harrowing of Hell (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ entering Limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with the Ostrich liberating its chick imprisoned by Solomon in a glass vessel by squirting the blood of a worm onto it (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ entering Limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Dan. 14:36-38: Daniel fed by Habacuc in the lions' den (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ entering Limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Dan. 3:49-50: An angel protects the Hebrews in the fiery furnace (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ entering Limbo)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Bruges
DATE
1454 - 1455
LOCATION
Glasgow, University Library → Hunter 60 (T.2.18), fol. 40v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
M. R. James and Bernhard Berenson, Speculum Humanae Salvationis, being a reproduction of an Italian manuscript of the fourteenth century, Oxford 1926, unnumbered plate in the appendix
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk