Iconography
LITERATURE
Modern
Comestor, PetrusHistoria ScholasticaNon-biblical Episodes2 Machabees - The tower Baris in Jerusalem, built by high priest Alexander Jannaeus, could be defended by two men against all enemies
MAGIC & SCIENCE
Geography
Topography Countries A-ZPalestine / IsraelJerusalemThe Tower Baris
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Tobias (A.V. Tobit) The young Tobias and Sara (Tob. 6:10 - 9:12) Sara is married to Tobias (Tob. 7:16)Dextrarum iunctio
Canticles (A.V. Song of Songs) Cant. 4:4: Bridegroom: Sicut turris David collum tuum ... mille clypei pendant ex ea, omnis armatura fortium (Bridegroom: Thy neck is as the tower of David ... a thousand bucklers hang upon it ..)
Virgin Mary
Life of the Virgin Betrothal of the Virgin to St JosephWithout suitors breaking their rods
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsCologne, Historisches Archiv, Best. 7020 (W (asterisk)) 105 (probably Cologne, second half 14th century)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 6: The Betrothal of Mary to Joseph6d: The Tower of David covered in shields → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 6: The Betrothal of Mary to Joseph6d: The Tower of David covered in shields → Original composition: Tower apparently rectangular, seen from one side, with crenellation and numerous shields, some on protruding lances
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 6: The Betrothal of Mary to Joseph6c: The Tower Baris that could be defended by two men against all enemies → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 6: The Betrothal of Mary to Joseph6c: The Tower Baris that could be defended by two men against all enemies → Original composition: Tower crowned by a ring of small turrets, with upper bodies of two men visible between them
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 6: The Betrothal of Mary to Joseph6b: The marriage of Tobias and Sara → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 6: The Betrothal of Mary to Joseph6b: The marriage of Tobias and Sara → Original composition: Raguel stands between Tobias and Sara and joins their hands together, no other persons shown
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 6: The Betrothal of Mary to Joseph6a: The Betrothal of Mary to Joseph → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 6: The Betrothal of Mary to Joseph6a: The Betrothal of Mary to Joseph → Original composition: High Priest stands between Mary and Joseph and joins their hands together
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Tobias Tobias 7:15-16: Marriage of Tobias and SaraType for the Betrothal of Mary and Joseph (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Cantica Canticorum Cant. 4:4: The Tower of David protected by a thousand bucklersType for the Betrothal of the Virgin Mary (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Betrothal of the Virgin Mary to Joseph with Tob. 7:15-16: Marriage of Tobias and Sara (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Betrothal of the Virgin Mary to Joseph with Cant. 4:4: The Tower of David protected by a thousand bucklers (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Betrothal of the Virgin Mary to Joseph with the tower Baris in Jerusalem that could be defended by two men against all enemies (SHS)
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types The tower Baris in Jerusalem could be defended by two men against all enemiesType for the Betrothal of the Virgin Mary (SHS)
SECULAR ICONOGRAPHY
Coats-of-Arms
Fictive Biblical figuresDavid's tower
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Cologne (attributed)
DATE
2nd half 14th century
LOCATION
Cologne, Historisches Archiv → Best. 7020 (W (with asterisk)) 105, p. 28-29
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk