Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Daniel Daniel and the priests of Bel (Dan. 14:1-21) The idol of Bel with sacrifices
Daniel Daniel and the dragon (Dan. 14:22-27)
Life of Christ
Ministry Temptation All Temptations in one image
Saints
Saints A - ZFrancis of Assisi (OFM) LifeTempted by the devil, Francis beats himself, throws himself into the snow and gives seven snowballs to the devil (Legenda maior, V, 4)
Saints A - ZFrancis of Assisi (OFM) CyclesRome, Biblioteca Corsiniana, MS 55.K.2 (Avignon, first half 14th century, Life of St Francis combined with a Speculum humanae salvationis, incomplete set)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsRome, Biblioteca Corsiniana, MS 55.K.2 (Avignon, first half 14th century, Rossi 17)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 13: Temptation of Christ13b: Daniel discovers the fraud of Bel's priests and kills the sacred dragon → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 13: Temptation of Christ13b: Daniel discovers the fraud of Bel's priests and kills the sacred dragon → Original composition: Daniel pushing a club-like object into the dragons's mouth, next to him Bel standing on the altar and holding food and drink
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 13: Temptation of Christ13a: Temptation of Christ → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 13: Temptation of Christ13a: Temptation of Christ → Variant: The three temptations partially in the foreground and partially in the background, but not arranged as above
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 1 Kings 1 Kings 17:51: David uses Goliath's sword to behead himType for the Temptation of Christ (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the second temptation)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 1 Kings 1 Kings 17:34-35: David recounts having killed a lion and a bear to protect his sheepType for the Temptation of Christ (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the third temptation)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Daniel Dan. 14:5-21: Daniel discovers the fraud of the priests of Bel (no specific episode)Type for the Temptation of Christ (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the first temptation)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Daniel Dan. 14:26: Daniel kills the dragonType for the Temptation of Christ (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the first temptation)
Antitypes for episodes from the Ministry of Christ Temptation As model for St Francis being tempted by the devil
Antitypes for episodes from the Ministry of Christ Temptation with 1 Kings 17:34-35: David recounts having killed a lion and a bear to protect his sheep (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the third temptation)
Antitypes for episodes from the Ministry of Christ Temptation with 1 Kings 17:51: David uses Goliath's sword to behead him (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the second temptation)
Antitypes for episodes from the Ministry of Christ Temptation with Dan. 14:26: Daniel kills the dragon (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the first temptation)
Antitypes for episodes from the Ministry of Christ Temptation with Dan. 14:5-21: Daniel discovers the fraud of the priests of Bel (no specific episode, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the first temptation)
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical modelsFrancis St Francis is tempted by the devil, beats himself, throws himself into the snow and offers seven snowballs to the devilwith the Temptation of Christ
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Avignon
DATE
1st half 14th century
LOCATION
Rome, Biblioteca Corsiniana → 55.K.2 (Rossi 17), fol. 23v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk