Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Genesis Cain and Abel Adam and Eve lament Abel's death (Comestor)
Ruth Noemi and Ruth return to Israel (Ruth 1:6-21) Ruth accompanies Noemi, while Ophra stays behind (Ruth 1:14, 22)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsTurin, Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria, MS I.II.11 (perhaps Catalan, second quarter 15th century)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 26: Mary's sorrow over Christ's death26d: Noemi mourning for her sons → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 26: Mary's sorrow over Christ's death26d: Noemi mourning for her sons → Variant: Noemi and her daughters-in-law leave Moab (in the Bible only Noemi and one daughter-in-law, Ruth, leave, whilst Ophra stays behind)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 26: Mary's sorrow over Christ's death26c: Adam and Eve mourn for the slain Abel → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 26: Mary's sorrow over Christ's death26c: Adam and Eve mourn for the slain Abel → Original composition: Adam and Eve hold the body of Abel between them
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Ruth Ruth 1:6-19: Noemi and Ruth leave in mourning for IsraelType for the Lamentation of Christ (SHS, few manuscripts only)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Lamentation of Christ with Adam and Eve lamenting Abel's death (non-biblical; SHS, few manuscripts only)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Lamentation of Christ with Ruth 1:6-19: Noemi and Ruth leave Moab in mourning (SHS, few manuscripts only)
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Adam and Eve lament Abel's deathType for the Lamentation of Christ (SHS, few manuscripts only)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Catalonia (attributed)
DATE
2nd quarter 15th century localised and dated because of similarity with Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ms. Douce 204
LOCATION
Turin, Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria → I.II.11, fol. 30v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk