Iconography
LITERATURE
Modern
Comestor, PetrusHistoria ScholasticaNon-biblical Episodes2 Machabees - The tower Baris in Jerusalem, built by high priest Alexander Jannaeus, could be defended by two men against all enemies
MAGIC & SCIENCE
Geography
Topography Countries A-ZPalestine / IsraelJerusalemThe Tower Baris
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Canticles (A.V. Song of Songs) Cant. 4:4: Bridegroom: Sicut turris David collum tuum ... mille clypei pendant ex ea, omnis armatura fortium (Bridegroom: Thy neck is as the tower of David ... a thousand bucklers hang upon it ..)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsParis, Bibliothèque Nationale, Latin 9584, and Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, MS 43-1950 (Tuscany or North-Eastern Italy, c1370-1390) → Chapters 1a-8b (Paris, fols. 4-6, 14-18)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 6: The Betrothal of Mary to Joseph6d: The Tower of David covered in shields → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 6: The Betrothal of Mary to Joseph6d: The Tower of David covered in shields → Original composition: Tower apparently rectangular, seen from one side, with crenellation and numerous shields, some on protruding lances
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 6: The Betrothal of Mary to Joseph6c: The Tower Baris that could be defended by two men against all enemies → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 6: The Betrothal of Mary to Joseph6c: The Tower Baris that could be defended by two men against all enemies → Variant: Two men on the top platform of a tower with low or no crenellation
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Cantica Canticorum Cant. 4:4: The Tower of David protected by a thousand bucklersType for the Betrothal of the Virgin Mary (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Betrothal of the Virgin Mary to Joseph with Cant. 4:4: The Tower of David protected by a thousand bucklers (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Betrothal of the Virgin Mary to Joseph with the tower Baris in Jerusalem that could be defended by two men against all enemies (SHS)
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types The tower Baris in Jerusalem could be defended by two men against all enemiesType for the Betrothal of the Virgin Mary (SHS)
SECULAR ICONOGRAPHY
Coats-of-Arms
Fictive Biblical figuresDavid's tower
Further details
This is a fragment - more than half of the illuminated pages are missing (the cut-out miniatures of most of them are now in Cambridge), the remainder is misbound in many places.
ARTIST/CREATOR
Tuscan or Italian (North-Eastern)
DATE
circa 1370 - circa 1390
LOCATION
Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France → lat. 9584, fol. 17r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
Montague Rhodes James and Bernhard Berenson, Speculum Humanae Salvationis. Being a reproduction of an Italian manuscript of the fourteenth century, Oxford 1926
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk