(photo on external web page)
Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Samson (Jud. 13-16) Samson and the Lion (Jud. 14:5-8)Samson kills the lion (Jud. 14:5-6)
Judges Deborah, Barak and Jael (Jud. 4) Jael drives a nail through Sisera's head (Jud. 4:21)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsLilienfeld, Stiftsbibliothek, MS 114 (Austria, c1380)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30c: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30c: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head → Variant: Sisera lies on the ground, not holding a shield
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29c: Samson kills the lion → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29c: Samson kills the lion → Variant: Samson not astride on the lion, grasping with each hand one jaw
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 14:5-6: Samson kills the lionType for the Harrowing of Hell (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ defeating the devil in limbo)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 4:21: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's headType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Jud. 14:5-6: Samson kills the lion (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Jud. 4:21: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
By mistake, the draughtsman first depicted 30c, and then replaced it with 29c
ARTIST/CREATOR
Austrian from Kleinmariazell Abbey
DATE
circa 1380
LOCATION
Lilienfeld, Stiftsbibliothek → 114, fol. 43v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Acknowledgements
Images on external web-page, kindly provided by the Stiftsbibliothek Lilienfeld and manuscriptorium.com (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk