Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Samson (Jud. 13-16) The Jawbone of an Ass (Jud. 15:9-19)Samson kills the Philistines with the jawbone of an ass (Jud. 15:15-16)
Judges Othoniel, Ehud (Aod) and Samgar (Jud. 3) Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshare (Jud. 3:31)
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Three Valiant Men (2 Kings 23) David, despite being tender like a woodworm, once killed eight hundred Egyptians (2 Kings 23:8, in some translations not David but Adino or Hachmonis, one of his heroes)
Life of Christ
Passion Betrayal and arrest of Christ The soldiers fall back
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsGlasgow, University Library, Hunter 60 (Bruges, 1454-1455)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17d: David kills eight hundred enemies → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17d: David kills eight hundred enemies → Variant: David with sword over head but without shield, enemies lying at his feet
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17c: Samgar kills six hundred enemies with a ploughshare → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17c: Samgar kills six hundred enemies with a ploughshare → Variant: Samgar armed with a sword
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17b: Samson kills thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an ass → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17b: Samson kills thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an ass → Original composition: Samson stands in the centre, the jawbone above his head, with the enemies at his feet
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17a: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground → All images
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 3:31: Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshareType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 15:15: Samson kills thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an assType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:8: David, although like a tender little worm of the wood, killed eight-hundred enemiesType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Bruges
DATE
1454 - 1455
LOCATION
Glasgow, University Library → Hunter 60 (T.2.18), fol. 25v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Acknowledgements
Image: Conway Library, © Courtauld Institute of Art, London, negative number 119 18 (17)
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk