Iconography
HISTORY
Ancient
Cyrus II of Persia Astyages dreams that the child with which his daughter is pregnant will destroy his empire
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Numbers Balaam (Bileam) and Balak (Num. 22-24) Balaam's ass stopped by an angel (Num. 22:22-30)
Virgin Mary
Life of the Virgin Joachim and Anne Angel appearing to Anne
SymbolsSymbols taken from the Bible Cant. 4:12: Hortus conclusus soror mea, sponsa, hortus conclusus, fons signatus (My sister, my spouse, is a garden enclosed, a garden enclosed, a fountain sealed up)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsBerlin, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preu├čischer Kulturbesitz, Ms. lat. fol. 329 (perhaps Franconia, Mid-14th century, incomplete set)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3d: Balaam (Bileam) and the angel → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3d: Balaam (Bileam) and the angel → Variant: The angel, with a lifted sword, confronts Balaam, who lifts his scourge or club, above a star
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3c: The Garden Enclosed and Fountain Sealed Up → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3c: The Garden Enclosed and Fountain Sealed Up → Original composition: Garden with circular walls, inside a simple well, often with rope and bucket above, not always clearly sealed
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3b: Astyages dreams of a vine growing out of his daughter's womb → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3b: Astyages dreams of a vine growing out of his daughter's womb → Original composition: Astyages in bed, his daughter stands behind the bed, a vine growing out of her
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3a: An angel appearing to Joachim - or an angel appearing to Anne (Variant: Good Samaritan) → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 3: Annunciation of the Conception of Mary3a: An angel appearing to Joachim - or an angel appearing to Anne (Variant: Good Samaritan) → Variant: Annunciation to Anne - Angel kneeling or genuflecting, Anne standing
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Numbers Num. 22:21-27: An angel blocking the way of Bileam's assType for Annunciation of the Conception of the Virgin Mary to Anne (SHS, few manuscripts only, the text refers to the prophecy of the star rather than this episode)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Cantica Canticorum Cant. 4:12: The bride as enclosed garden and sealed fountainType for the Annunciation of the Conception of the Virgin Mary to Anne (SHS, few manuscripts only)
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Annunciation of the Conception of the Virgin Mary to Anne with Num. 22:21-27: An angel blocking the way of Bileam's ass (SHS, few manuscripts only)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Annunciation of the Conception of the Virgin Mary to Annewith the dream of Astyages of a vine growing out of his daughter's womb (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Annunciation of the Conception of the Virgin Mary to Anne with Cant. 4:12: The bride as enclosed garden and sealed fountain (SHS, few manuscripts only)
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Astyages dreams of a vine growing out of his daughter's wombType for the Annunciation of the Conception of the Virgin Mary to Anne (SHS, few manuscripts only)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Franconian (attributed)
DATE
mid 14th century
LOCATION
Berlin, Staatsbibliothek → lat. fol. 329, fol. 3v-4r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk