Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Exodus Childhood of Moses Moses, as Egyptian general, besieges Saba but then makes peace with it and marries Tarbis, the daughter of its king (Comestor, non-scriptural)Moses approaches Saba and is seen by Tarbis and her father from the walls
Judges Abimelech (Jud. 9) A woman kills Abimelech by throwing a stone from the tower of Thebes (Jud. 9:50-54)
1 Kings (A.V. I Samuel) The war between Saul and David (1 Kings 19-31) David flees from Saul (1 Kings 19-20)Michol talks to Saul's soldiers whilst David escapes from her house
Virgin Mary
Iconography of the Virgin MaryMother of Mercy Without child
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsBerlin, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preu├čischer Kulturbesitz, Ms. lat. fol. 329 (perhaps Franconia, Mid-14th century, incomplete set)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38d: Michol lets David escape from Saul's men → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38d: Michol lets David escape from Saul's men → Original composition: Michol is talking to Saul's soldiers whilst David is letting himself down a rope from the upper floor
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → Original composition: Simultaneously the woman on the tower holds the millstone, it hits Abimelech beneath, his armourbearer kills him
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38b: Moses besieged the city of Saba and then fell in love and married Tarbis, daughter of its king → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38b: Moses besieged the city of Saba and then fell in love and married Tarbis, daughter of its king → Original composition: Moses rides past the wall of Saba, on which the king and his daughter Tarbis are standing
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38a: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38a: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak → Original composition: Mary without child, protecting the faithful under her cloak
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill himModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 1 Kings 1 Kings 19:12: With Michol's help David escapes through the windowModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Moses stops the siege of Saba after falling in love with Tarbis, daughter of its kingModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith 1 Kings 19:12: With Michol's help David escapes through the window (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill him (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith Moses stopping the siege of Saba after falling in love with Tarbis, daughter of its king (Flavius and Comestor, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Franconian (attributed)
DATE
mid 14th century
LOCATION
Berlin, Staatsbibliothek → lat. fol. 329, fol. 36v-37r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk