Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Abimelech (Jud. 9) A woman kills Abimelech by throwing a stone from the tower of Thebes (Jud. 9:50-54)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsRothenburg ob der Tauber, Konsistorialbibliothek, WD 107 (Southern Germany, Mid-15th century)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → Original composition: Simultaneously the woman on the tower holds the millstone, it hits Abimelech beneath, his armourbearer kills him
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill himModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill him (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Southern German
DATE
mid 15th century one fascicle of the composite manuscript is dated to 1452
LOCATION
Rothenburg ob der Tauber (Lower Franconia), Konsistorialbibliothek (kept in the Stadtarchiv) → WD 107, fol. 80r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Acknowledgements
Images kindly provided by the Stadtarchiv Rothenburg ob der Tauber. Please contact the archive if you need a high-resolution image.
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk