Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Three Valiant Men (2 Kings 23) David, despite being tender like a woodworm, once killed eight hundred Egyptians (2 Kings 23:8, in some translations not David but Adino or Hachmonis, one of his heroes)
Life of Christ
Passion Betrayal and arrest of Christ With Malchus's earWith kiss of JudasMalchus carrying a lamp
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisPrinted editionsLyon: Huss, 1478
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 18: Betrayal of Christ18a: Betrayal of Christ → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 18: Betrayal of Christ18a: Betrayal of Christ → Variant: with Malchus
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17d: David kills eight hundred enemies → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17d: David kills eight hundred enemies → Original composition: David with sword over his head and shield, enemies lying at his feet
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Genesis Gen. 4:8: Death of AbelType for the Betrayal of Christ (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 20:10: Joab treacherously embraces and kills AmasaType for the Betrayal of Christ (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:8: David, although like a tender little worm of the wood, killed eight-hundred enemiesType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 1 Kings 1 Kings 19:10 (similarly 1 Kings 18:11): Saul throws a spear at DavidType for the Betrayal of Christ (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ The soldiers fall back with 2 Kings 23:8: David, although like a tender little worm of the wood, killed eight-hundred enemies (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Betrayal of Christ with Gen. 4:8: Cain kills Abel (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Betrayal of Christ with 1 Kings 19:10 (similar 1 Kings 18:11): Saul throws a spear at David (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Betrayal of Christ with 2 Kings 20:10: Joab treacherously embraces and kills Amasa (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
woodcut. Image also used in the first edition printed in Lyon in 1478 (first illustrated book printed in France). Image also used in the editions: 1479, 1482, 1486 (presumably, no surviving copy), 1488.
ARTIST/CREATOR
Lyon
DATE
1478
LOCATION
n/a
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Colophon: Cy finist le Mirouer de la redemption de lumain lignage (GW M43034), Lyon (Huss), 1483, fol. 86v
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Le livre illustré à Lyon (1480-1600) - Equipex Biblissima
Find out more
RELATIONS
complete digital copy of illustrated text (external website)
USTC
BML catalogue entry (1479 edition)
complete digital copy (Gallica)
Acknowledgements
Record created with the generous support of Equipex Biblissima
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk