Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) David and Absalom (2 Kings 15-19) Joab pierces Absalom with three lances (2 Kings 18:14)
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Ark returns to Jerusalem (2 Kings 6-7) David dances before the Ark (2 Kings 6:16)David plays an instrument rather than dancing - with Michol despising him
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisPrinted editionsLyon: Huss, 1478
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25c: Absalom, already wounded by lances, is attacked with swords → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25c: Absalom, already wounded by lances, is attacked with swords → Variant: Absalom hanging from a tree, his horse disappearing or gone, riders pursuing him attack him with spears
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25b: Michol reproaches David for dancing in front of the Ark of the Covenant → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25b: Michol reproaches David for dancing in front of the Ark of the Covenant → Variant: David playing the harp, seen by Michol from a tower, opposite David another king
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swordsType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 6:15-16, 20-22: David dances before the Ark of the Covenant and is rebuked by his wife MicholType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swords (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 2 Kings 6:15-16, 20-22: David dances before the Ark of the Covenant and is rebuked by his wife Michol (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of the Dead Christ)
Further details
woodcut. Image also used in the first edition printed in Lyon in 1478 (first illustrated book printed in France). Image also used in the editions: 1479, 1482, 1486 (presumably, no surviving copy), 1488.
ARTIST/CREATOR
Lyon
DATE
1478
LOCATION
n/a
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Colophon: Cy finist le Mirouer de la redemption de lumain lignage (GW M43034), Lyon (Huss), 1483, fol. 97r
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Le livre illustré à Lyon (1480-1600) - Equipex Biblissima
Find out more
RELATIONS
complete digital copy of illustrated text (external website)
USTC
BML catalogue entry (1479 edition)
complete digital copy (Gallica)
Acknowledgements
Record created with the generous support of Equipex Biblissima
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk