Iconography
HISTORY
Ancient
Tomyris Dipping Cyrus's head into a barrel of blood
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Life of Christ
After the Passion Harrowing of Hell Christ leading the Fathers out of Limbo - not trampling a devil or the broken doors of Hell
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisPrinted editionsLyon: Huss, 1478
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 31: Christ delivering the Fathers from Limbo31a: Christ delivers the Fathers from Limbo → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 31: Christ delivering the Fathers from Limbo31a: Christ delivers the Fathers from Limbo → Variant: Christ leads a group of naked persons out of the fortress of hell
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30d: Tomyris beheads King Cyrus and dips his head into a barrel of blood → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30d: Tomyris beheads King Cyrus and dips his head into a barrel of blood → Original composition: Tomyris hold a sword in one hand and the severed head of Cyrus in the other
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Genesis Gen. 19:23-26: Lot escapes from Sodom, his wife is turned into a pillar of saltType for the Delivery of the Fathers from Limbo (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Exodus Exod. 12:51: The Israelites depart from EgyptType for Christ delivering the Fathers from Limbo (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Abraham is thrown into the fire in Ur and rescued by GodType for the Liberation of the Fathers from Limbo (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Tomyris dips the head of Cyrus into bloodType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Gen. 19:23-26: Lot escapes from Sodom, his wife is turned into a pillar of salt (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ delivering the souls from limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Abraham delivered by God from the fire in Ur (Comestor, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ delivering the souls from limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Exod. 12:51: The Israelites depart from Egypt (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Tomyris dipping the severed head of Cyrus into a barrel of blood (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
woodcut. Image also used in the first edition printed in Lyon in 1478 (first illustrated book printed in France). Image also used in the editions: 1479, 1482, 1486 (presumably, no surviving copy), 1488.
ARTIST/CREATOR
Lyon
DATE
1478
LOCATION
n/a
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Colophon: Cy finist le Mirouer de la redemption de lumain lignage (GW M43034), Lyon (Huss), 1483, fol. 109v
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Le livre illustré à Lyon (1480-1600) - Equipex Biblissima
Find out more
RELATIONS
complete digital copy of illustrated text (external website)
USTC
BML catalogue entry (1479 edition)
complete digital copy (Gallica)
Acknowledgements
Record created with the generous support of Equipex Biblissima
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk