Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Abimelech (Jud. 9) A woman kills Abimelech by throwing a stone from the tower of Thebes (Jud. 9:50-54)
1 Kings (A.V. I Samuel) The war between Saul and David (1 Kings 19-31) David flees from Saul (1 Kings 19-20)Michol helps Davids escape through the window (1 Kings 19:12, cf. title of Psalm 58)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisPrinted editionsLyon: Huss, 1478
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38d: Michol lets David escape from Saul's men → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38d: Michol lets David escape from Saul's men → Variant: Michol lets David down on a rope whilst Saul's soldiers are approaching
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → Original composition: Simultaneously the woman on the tower holds the millstone, it hits Abimelech beneath, his armourbearer kills him
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill himModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 1 Kings 1 Kings 19:12: With Michol's help David escapes through the windowModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith 1 Kings 19:12: With Michol's help David escapes through the window (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill him (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
woodcut. Image also used in the first edition printed in Lyon in 1478 (first illustrated book printed in France). Image also used in the editions: 1479, 1482, 1486 (presumably, no surviving copy), 1488.
ARTIST/CREATOR
Lyon
DATE
1478
LOCATION
n/a
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Colophon: Cy finist le Mirouer de la redemption de lumain lignage (GW M43034), Lyon (Huss), 1483, fol. 148r
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Le livre illustré à Lyon (1480-1600) - Equipex Biblissima
Find out more
RELATIONS
complete digital copy of illustrated text (external website)
USTC
BML catalogue entry (1479 edition)
complete digital copy (Gallica)
Acknowledgements
Record created with the generous support of Equipex Biblissima
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk