Iconography
ARCHITECTURE
Germany
BirkensteinSt. Mariae Verkündigung Stations of the Cross
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Genesis Cain and Abel Sacrifice of Cain and Abel (Gen. 4:3-5)Sacrifice of Abel alone
Genesis Abraham and Isaac The sacrifice of IsaacThe angel stays Abraham's sword but does not point to the ramWithout servants
Exodus The Passover The food for the Passover meal on the table
Life of Christ
Passion CrucifixionSingle crossWith Virgin, Saint John and Mary Magdalene
Passion CyclesStations of the CrossBirkenstein, Chapel St. Mariae Verkündigung (Josef Grass and Georg Zelger, c1780, incomplete, with emblems)Stations 11 and 12
Passion Before the Crucifixion Christ nailed to the crossCross not fully raised up, Christ being nailed to the cross but not stretched out with ropes
Typology and Prophecy
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Genesis Gen. 22:9-13: Sacrifice of IsaacType for Christ being nailed to the Cross
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Genesis Gen. 4:4: The sacrifice of AbelType for the Crucifixion
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Exodus Exod. 12:6: The slaughtered Passover lamb prepared for the mealType for the Crucifixion
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Christ nailed to the Cross with Gen. 22:9-13: Sacrifice of Isaac
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Gen. 4:4: The Sacrifice of Abel
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Exod. 12:6: The slaughtered Passover lamb prepared for the meal
Further details
Inspired by Stations of the Cross from St Peter's in Munich (Heinrich Karth, 1776). This image looks like repainted in the early 20th century
ARTIST/CREATOR
Grass, Josef Franz Xaver (born 1737, died 1788-1789) and Zelger, Georg (active by c1780)
DATE
circa 1780
LOCATION
Birkenstein, St. Mariae Verkündigung
Acknowledgements
Photographed with kind permission of the shrine administration
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk