Iconography
ARCHITECTURE
Germany
BirkensteinSt. Mariae Verkündigung Stations of the Cross
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Genesis Cain and Abel Sacrifice of Cain and Abel (Gen. 4:3-5)Sacrifice of Abel alone
Genesis Abraham and Isaac The sacrifice of IsaacThe angel stays Abraham's sword but does not point to the ramWithout servants
Life of Christ
Passion CyclesStations of the CrossBirkenstein, Chapel St. Mariae Verkündigung (Josef Grass and Georg Zelger, c1780, incomplete, with emblems)Stations 11 and 12
Typology and Prophecy
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Genesis Gen. 22:9-13: Sacrifice of IsaacType for Christ being nailed to the Cross
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Genesis Gen. 4:4: The sacrifice of AbelType for the Crucifixion
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Christ nailed to the Cross with Gen. 22:9-13: Sacrifice of Isaac
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Gen. 4:4: The Sacrifice of Abel
Further details
Inspired by Stations of the Cross from St Peter's in Munich (Heinrich Karth, 1776)
ARTIST/CREATOR
Grass, Josef Franz Xaver (born 1737, died 1788-1789) and Zelger, Georg (active by c1780)
DATE
circa 1780
LOCATION
Birkenstein, St. Mariae Verkündigung
Acknowledgements
Photographed with kind permission of the shrine administration
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk