Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Exodus The Crossing of the Red Sea The Israelites walk through the sea (Exod. 14:22)Scene
Life of Christ
After the Passion Harrowing of Hell Christ leading the Fathers out of Limbo - not trampling a devil or the broken doors of Hell
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsChicago, Newberry Library, MS 40 (Bruges, c1460)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 31: Christ delivering the Fathers from Limbo31b: Delivery of the Israelites from Egypt → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 31: Christ delivering the Fathers from Limbo31b: Delivery of the Israelites from Egypt → Variant: Crossing of the Red Sea
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 31: Christ delivering the Fathers from Limbo31a: Christ delivers the Fathers from Limbo → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 31: Christ delivering the Fathers from Limbo31a: Christ delivers the Fathers from Limbo → Variant: Christ leads a group of persons out of a cave
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Genesis Gen. 19:23-26: Lot escapes from Sodom, his wife is turned into a pillar of saltType for the Delivery of the Fathers from Limbo (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Exodus Exod. 14:15-28: The Passing through the Red Sea and the Death of the EgyptiansType for the Harrowing of Hell (SHS, few manuscripts only)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ delivering the fathers form limbo)
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Abraham is thrown into the fire in Ur and rescued by GodType for the Liberation of the Fathers from Limbo (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Exod. 14:21-22: Passing through the Red Sea (SHS, few manuscripts only)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ delivering the souls from limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Gen. 19:23-26: Lot escapes from Sodom, his wife is turned into a pillar of salt (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ delivering the souls from limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Abraham delivered by God from the fire in Ur (Comestor, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ delivering the souls from limbo)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Bruges (attributed)
DATE
circa 1460
LOCATION
Chicago, Newberry Library → 40, fol. 31v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Photo: James Marrow
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk