Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Three Valiant Men (2 Kings 23) The Three Valiant Men offer the water to David (2 Kings 23:16)
3 Kings (A.V. I Kings) The Queen of Saba (3 Kings 10) The Queen of Saba comes before Solomon (3 Kings 10:1-2)Solomon on lions' throne, Queen kneels, not black
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsNew York, Public Library, Spencer 15 (Middle Rhine, c1420)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 9: Adoration of the Magi9d: The throne of Solomon and the Queen of Saba → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 9: Adoration of the Magi9d: The throne of Solomon and the Queen of Saba → Variant: Solomon's throne, the Queen of Saba in a niche in the bottom centre
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 9: Adoration of the Magi9c: The Three Valiant Men bring water to David → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 9: Adoration of the Magi9c: The Three Valiant Men bring water to David → Original composition: David seated, next to one kneeling and two standing men holding vessels
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:14-17: The Three Valiant Men bring water from Bethlehem to DavidType for the Adoration of the Magi (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 3 Kings 3 Kings 10:1-3: The Queen of Saba visits SolomonType for the Adoration of the Magi (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 3 Kings 3 Kings 10:18-20: The Throne of SolomonType for the Adoration of the Magi (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Adoration of the Magi with 3 Kings 10:1-3: Meeting of Solomon and the Queen of Saba (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Adoration of the Magi with 2 Kings 23:14-17: The three strong men bring water to David (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Adoration of the Magi with 3 Kings 10:18-20: The Throne of Solomon (SHS)
SECULAR ICONOGRAPHY
Coats-of-Arms
Fictive Biblical figuresDavid's valiant men
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Middle Rhine (attributed)
DATE
circa 1420
LOCATION
New York, Public Library → Spencer 15, fol. 10v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Photo: James Marrow
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk