Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Exodus Childhood of Moses Moses tramples or breaks the crown of Pharaoh (Comestor, non-scriptural)Moses feigns madness by eating burning coals and so is not punished
Daniel Nabuchodonosor's (A. V. Nebuchadnezzar's) first dream (Dan. 2) Nabuchodonosor dreams of the statue (Dan. 2:1)Sleeping king with the statue still standingUnclear whether indoors or outdoors
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsNew York, Public Library, Spencer 15 (Middle Rhine, c1420)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11d: Nabuchodonosor dreams of a statue that is destroyed by a stone → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11d: Nabuchodonosor dreams of a statue that is destroyed by a stone → Variant: Statue at Nabuchodonosor's feet, with mountain or collapsing
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11c: The young Moses, having broken Pharao's crown, feigns madness by eating burning coals → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11c: The young Moses, having broken Pharao's crown, feigns madness by eating burning coals → Original composition: On one side Pharao enthroned, then Moses, the executioner preparing to behead him, and a man holding a brazier with coals
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Daniel Dan. 2:34: Nabuchodonosor dreams of a statue that is destroyed by a stoneType for the Fall of Idols at the Flight into Egypt (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Fall of the idols in Egypt with Dan. 2:34: Nabuchodonosor dreams of a statue that is destroyed by a stone (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Fall of the idols in Egypt with The young Moses, having broken Pharao's crown, feigns madness by eating burning coals (Comestor, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types The young Moses, having broken Pharao's crown, feigns madness by eating burning coalsType for the Fall of Idols at the Flight into Egypt (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Middle Rhine (attributed)
DATE
circa 1420
LOCATION
New York, Public Library → Spencer 15, fol. 12v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Photo: James Marrow
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk