Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Samson (Jud. 13-16) The Jawbone of an Ass (Jud. 15:9-19)Samson kills the Philistines with the jawbone of an ass (Jud. 15:15-16)
Life of Christ
Passion Betrayal and arrest of Christ The soldiers fall back
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsNew York, Public Library, Spencer 15 (Middle Rhine, c1420)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17b: Samson kills thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an ass → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17b: Samson kills thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an ass → Variant: Samson, with the jawbone above his head, attacks enemies at his left or his right
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17a: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17a: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground → Variant: Christ, sometimes with Apostles, facing standing and collapsed soldiers at one side
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 3:31: Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshareType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 15:15: Samson kills thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an assType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:8: David, although like a tender little worm of the wood, killed eight-hundred enemiesType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ The soldiers fall back with 2 Kings 23:8: David, although like a tender little worm of the wood, killed eight-hundred enemies (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ The soldiers fall back with Jud. 3:31: Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshare (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ The soldiers fall back with Jud. 15:15: Samson kills thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an ass (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Middle Rhine (attributed)
DATE
circa 1420
LOCATION
New York, Public Library → Spencer 15, fol. 18r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Photo: James Marrow
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk