Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Othoniel, Ehud (Aod) and Samgar (Jud. 3) Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshare (Jud. 3:31)
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Three Valiant Men (2 Kings 23) David, despite being tender like a woodworm, once killed eight hundred Egyptians (2 Kings 23:8, in some translations not David but Adino or Hachmonis, one of his heroes)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsNew York, Public Library, Spencer 15 (Middle Rhine, c1420)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17d: David kills eight hundred enemies → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17d: David kills eight hundred enemies → Variant: David, with sword over his head but no shield, attacks enemies on his right or left - or the enemies there already dead
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17c: Samgar kills six hundred enemies with a ploughshare → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17c: Samgar kills six hundred enemies with a ploughshare → Variant: Samgar, holding a ploughshare above his head, attacks enemies at his left or his right
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 3:31: Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshareType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:8: David, although like a tender little worm of the wood, killed eight-hundred enemiesType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ The soldiers fall back with 2 Kings 23:8: David, although like a tender little worm of the wood, killed eight-hundred enemies (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ The soldiers fall back with Jud. 3:31: Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshare (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Middle Rhine (attributed)
DATE
circa 1420
LOCATION
New York, Public Library → Spencer 15, fol. 18v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Photo: James Marrow
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk