Iconography
HISTORY
Ancient
CodrusSelf-sacrifice of King Codrus of Athens Codrus killed, with Codrus and soldiers in the background (significance unclear)
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
1 Machabees (A.V. Maccabees) Eleazar kills an elephant from beneath and is crushed by it (1 Mach. 6:46)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsNew York, Public Library, Spencer 15 (Middle Rhine, c1420)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 24: Crucifixion24d: Eleazar stabs the elephant into its belly and is crushed by it → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 24: Crucifixion24d: Eleazar stabs the elephant into its belly and is crushed by it → Original composition: Eleazar under the elephant, stabbing it from beneath
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 24: Crucifixion24c: King Codrus of Athens lets himself be slain disguised as a common soldier to save his city → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 24: Crucifixion24c: King Codrus of Athens lets himself be slain disguised as a common soldier to save his city → Variant: Still in two registers, but either Codrus with his men or the Death of Codrus not symmetrical
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 1 Machabees 1 Mach. 6:46: Eleazar kills an elephant from beneath and is crushed by itType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Death of King Codrus of AthensSpeculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 1 Mach. 6:46: Eleazar kills an elephant from beneath and is crushed by it (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Death of King Codrus of AthensType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Middle Rhine (attributed)
DATE
circa 1420
LOCATION
New York, Public Library → Spencer 15, fol. 25v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
COLLECTION
Photo: James Marrow
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk