Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Ark returns to Jerusalem (2 Kings 6-7) David dances before the Ark (2 Kings 6:16)David plays an instrument rather than dancing - with Michol despising him
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Ark returns to Jerusalem (2 Kings 6-7) Michol reproaches David for having danced before the Ark of the Covenant, he justifies his action (2 Kings 6:21-23)
Life of Christ
Passion CrucifixionSingle crossWith soldiers, but without centurion's conversionChrist's side being pierced, vinegar not offered
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsToledo, Archivo Capitular, MS 10.8 (Bologna, 1320-1340, destroyed)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25b: Michol reproaches David for dancing in front of the Ark of the Covenant → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25b: Michol reproaches David for dancing in front of the Ark of the Covenant → Original composition: David playing the harp seen by persons from the upper storey of a house, and David reproached by Michol
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25a: The crucified Christ mocked by the Jews → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25a: The crucified Christ mocked by the Jews → Original composition: One cross, a soldier piercing Christ's side, Jews with banderoles at the sides
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swordsType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 6:15-16, 20-22: David dances before the Ark of the Covenant and is rebuked by his wife MicholType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Evilmerodach cutting the dead body of his father Nabuchodonosor into 300 parts (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swords (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 2 Kings 6:15-16, 20-22: David dances before the Ark of the Covenant and is rebuked by his wife Michol (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of the Dead Christ)
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Evil-Merodach cuts the body of Evil-Merodach into 300 partsType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Bolognese
DATE
1320 - 1340
LOCATION
Toledo, Archivo Capitular → 10.8, fol. 27v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk