Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Exodus Childhood of Moses Moses tramples or breaks the crown of Pharaoh (Comestor, non-scriptural)Moses feigns madness by eating burning coals and so is not punished
Jeremias (A.V. Jeremiah) Jeremias prophesies that the Egyptians will worship an image of a Virgin and a Child (non-biblical)
Daniel Nabuchodonosor's (A. V. Nebuchadnezzar's) first dream (Dan. 2) Nabuchodonosor dreams of the statue (Dan. 2:1)Sleeping king with the statue still standingKing sleeping outdoors
Life of Christ
Infancy Flight into Egypt With legendary elementsFall of idols
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsCologne, Historisches Archiv, Best. 7020 (W (asterisk)) 105 (probably Cologne, second half 14th century)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11d: Nabuchodonosor dreams of a statue that is destroyed by a stone → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11d: Nabuchodonosor dreams of a statue that is destroyed by a stone → Original composition: Statue in the centre, in front of Nabuchodonosor's bed, mountains at the left and right
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11c: The young Moses, having broken Pharao's crown, feigns madness by eating burning coals → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11c: The young Moses, having broken Pharao's crown, feigns madness by eating burning coals → Original composition: On one side Pharao enthroned, then Moses, the executioner preparing to behead him, and a man holding a brazier with coals
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11b: According to a prophecy of Jeremias the Egyptians would one day venerate the image of a virgin with her child → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11b: According to a prophecy of Jeremias the Egyptians would one day venerate the image of a virgin with her child → Original composition: Virgin and Child standing, on each side a candlestick with three candles
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11a: Flight into Egypt with falling idols → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 11: Fall of idols during the Flight into Egypt11a: Flight into Egypt with falling idols → Original composition: Joseph leads or accompanies donkey carrying Mary and Christ, with idols falling from two columns
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Daniel Dan. 2:34: Nabuchodonosor dreams of a statue that is destroyed by a stoneType for the Fall of Idols at the Flight into Egypt (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Fall of the idols in Egypt with Dan. 2:34: Nabuchodonosor dreams of a statue that is destroyed by a stone (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Fall of the idols in Egypt with The young Moses, having broken Pharao's crown, feigns madness by eating burning coals (Comestor, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Infancy of Christ Fall of the idols in Egypt with Jeremias prophesying that the Egyptians will worship an image of a Virgin and a Child (non-biblical, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types The young Moses, having broken Pharao's crown, feigns madness by eating burning coalsType for the Fall of Idols at the Flight into Egypt (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Jeremias prophesies that the Egyptians will worship an image of a Virgin and a ChildType for the Fall of Idols at the Flight into Egypt (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
SECULAR ICONOGRAPHY
Coats-of-Arms
Fictive Biblical figuresStatue in Nabuchodonosor's dream
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Cologne (attributed)
DATE
2nd half 14th century
LOCATION
Cologne, Historisches Archiv → Best. 7020 (W (with asterisk)) 105, p. 48-49
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk