Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Samson (Jud. 13-16) The Jawbone of an Ass (Jud. 15:9-19)Samson kills the Philistines with the jawbone of an ass (Jud. 15:15-16)
Judges Othoniel, Ehud (Aod) and Samgar (Jud. 3) Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshare (Jud. 3:31)
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Three Valiant Men (2 Kings 23) David, despite being tender like a woodworm, once killed eight hundred Egyptians (2 Kings 23:8, in some translations not David but Adino or Hachmonis, one of his heroes)
Life of Christ
Passion Betrayal and arrest of Christ The soldiers fall back
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsCologne, Historisches Archiv, Best. 7020 (W (asterisk)) 105 (probably Cologne, second half 14th century)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17d: David kills eight hundred enemies → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17d: David kills eight hundred enemies → Original composition: David with sword over his head and shield, enemies lying at his feet
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17c: Samgar kills six hundred enemies with a ploughshare → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17c: Samgar kills six hundred enemies with a ploughshare → Original composition: Samgar stands in the centre, holding a ploughshare above his head, with the enemies at his feet
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17b: Samson kills thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an ass → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17b: Samson kills thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an ass → Original composition: Samson stands in the centre, the jawbone above his head, with the enemies at his feet
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17a: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17a: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground → Original composition: Christ standing in the centre, flanked by standing soldiers, with collapsed soldiers at His feet
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 3:31: Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshareType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 15:15: Samson kills thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an assType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:8: David, although like a tender little worm of the wood, killed eight-hundred enemiesType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ The soldiers fall back with 2 Kings 23:8: David, although like a tender little worm of the wood, killed eight-hundred enemies (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ The soldiers fall back with Jud. 3:31: Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshare (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ The soldiers fall back with Jud. 15:15: Samson kills thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an ass (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
SECULAR ICONOGRAPHY
Coats-of-Arms
Fictive Biblical figuresDavid
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Cologne (attributed)
DATE
2nd half 14th century
LOCATION
Cologne, Historisches Archiv → Best. 7020 (W (with asterisk)) 105, p. 64-65
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk