Iconography
LITERATURE
Modern
Comestor, PetrusHistoria ScholasticaNon-biblical EpisodesExodus - Hur, who refused to make the Golden Calf, is spat on by the Israelites until he drowns in spittel
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Genesis Noah Drunkenness of Noah (Gen. 9:20-27)The drunken Noah with his sons (Gen. 9:22-23)
Exodus The Golden Calf Hur, who refused to make the Golden Calf, is spat on by the Israelites until he drowns in spittel (Comestor)
Judges Samson (Jud. 13-16) Samson's slavery and death (Jud. 16:21-31)Samson destroying the house and killing the Philistines (Jud. 16:29-30)
Life of Christ
Passion Trial of Christ Buffetting of Christ (Mt. 26:67f., Mc. 14:65, Lc. 22:63-65)Christ not blindfolded (but not wearing the Crown of thorns)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsCologne, Historisches Archiv, Best. 7020 (W (asterisk)) 105 (probably Cologne, second half 14th century)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 19: Buffeting of Christ19d: Samson, mocked by the Philistines, throws down the two pillars of the house, killing thousands of Philistines (Variant: Samson has his eyes put out) → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 19: Buffeting of Christ19d: Samson, mocked by the Philistines, throws down the two pillars of the house, killing thousands of Philistines (Variant: Samson has his eyes put out) → Original composition: Samson standing between two pillars, pulling on them, with several Philistines mocking him at the left and right
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 19: Buffeting of Christ19c: Ham laughs over his father Noe who exposed himself in drunkenness, his brothers cover him → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 19: Buffeting of Christ19c: Ham laughs over his father Noe who exposed himself in drunkenness, his brothers cover him → Original composition: Noe lies in the foreground, Sem and Japhet are half turned away and hold a large cloak in front of them
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 19: Buffeting of Christ19b: Hur, who refused to make the Golden Calf, is drowned in spittel (Variant: Buffeting of Christ) → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 19: Buffeting of Christ19b: Hur, who refused to make the Golden Calf, is drowned in spittel (Variant: Buffeting of Christ) → Original composition: Hur seated, several men on either side spitting at him
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 19: Buffeting of Christ19a: Buffeting of Christ (Variants: Christ before Caiphas, Crowning with thorns, Mocking of Christ) → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 19: Buffeting of Christ19a: Buffeting of Christ (Variants: Christ before Caiphas, Crowning with thorns, Mocking of Christ) → Original composition: Christ standing, attacked by a crowd from both sides
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Genesis Gen. 9:21-23: The drunken Noah with his sonsType for the Buffeting of Christ (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 16:29-30: Samson is mocked by the Philistines and throws down the pillar of their houseType for the Buffeting of Christ (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Buffeting of Christ with Gen. 9:21-23: The drunken Noah with his sons (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Buffeting of Christ with Jud. 16:29-30: Samson is mocked by the Philistines and throws down the pillar of their house (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Buffeting of Christ with Hur, who refused to make the Golden Calf, being spat on by the Israelites until he drowns in spittel (Comestor, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Hur, who refused to make the Golden Calf, is spat on by the Israelites until he drowns in spittel Type for the Buffeting of Christ (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Cologne (attributed)
DATE
2nd half 14th century
LOCATION
Cologne, Historisches Archiv → Best. 7020 (W (with asterisk)) 105, p. 72-73
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk