Iconography
LITERATURE
Modern
Comestor, PetrusHistoria ScholasticaNon-biblical EpisodesDaniel - Nabuchodonosor's body cut into 300 parts and fed to 300 birds
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) David and Absalom (2 Kings 15-19) Joab's men attack Absalom with swords (2 Kings 18:15)
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Ark returns to Jerusalem (2 Kings 6-7) David dances before the Ark (2 Kings 6:16)David plays an instrument rather than dancing - with Michol despising him
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Ark returns to Jerusalem (2 Kings 6-7) Michol reproaches David for having danced before the Ark of the Covenant, he justifies his action (2 Kings 6:21-23)
Life of Christ
Passion CrucifixionSingle crossWith soldiers, but without centurion's conversionChrist's side being pierced, vinegar not offered
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsCologne, Historisches Archiv, Best. 7020 (W (asterisk)) 105 (probably Cologne, second half 14th century)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25d: Evil-Merodach cuts the body of his father Nabuchodonosor in 300 parts and feeds them to 300 birds → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25d: Evil-Merodach cuts the body of his father Nabuchodonosor in 300 parts and feeds them to 300 birds → Original composition: Evil-Merodach standing behind a table with Nabuchodonosor's body, in the foreground two birds with his head
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25c: Absalom, already wounded by lances, is attacked with swords → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25c: Absalom, already wounded by lances, is attacked with swords → Original composition: In the middle Absalom hanging from the tree, pierced by three spears, at the left and right a soldier attacking him with a sword
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25b: Michol reproaches David for dancing in front of the Ark of the Covenant → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25b: Michol reproaches David for dancing in front of the Ark of the Covenant → Original composition: David playing the harp seen by persons from the upper storey of a house, and David reproached by Michol
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25a: The crucified Christ mocked by the Jews → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25a: The crucified Christ mocked by the Jews → Original composition: One cross, a soldier piercing Christ's side, Jews with banderoles at the sides
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swordsType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 6:15-16, 20-22: David dances before the Ark of the Covenant and is rebuked by his wife MicholType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Evilmerodach cutting the dead body of his father Nabuchodonosor into 300 parts (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swords (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 2 Kings 6:15-16, 20-22: David dances before the Ark of the Covenant and is rebuked by his wife Michol (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of the Dead Christ)
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Evil-Merodach cuts the body of Evil-Merodach into 300 partsType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Further details
Here, images 25b (Michol) and 25c (Absalom) have changed places
ARTIST/CREATOR
Cologne (attributed)
DATE
2nd half 14th century
LOCATION
Cologne, Historisches Archiv → Best. 7020 (W (with asterisk)) 105, p. 96-97
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk