Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Samson (Jud. 13-16) Samson and the Lion (Jud. 14:5-8)Samson kills the lion (Jud. 14:5-6)
Judges Othoniel, Ehud (Aod) and Samgar (Jud. 3) Ehud (Aod) kills Eglon (Jud. 3:17-22)
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Three Valiant Men (2 Kings 23) Banaias, one of the Three Valiant Men, had once killed a lion in a pit (2 Kings 23:20)
Images of Christ
Risen Christ Triumphant over devil alone
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsCologne, Historisches Archiv, Best. 7020 (W (asterisk)) 105 (probably Cologne, second half 14th century)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29d: Ehud killing Eglon → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29d: Ehud killing Eglon → Original composition: Ehud grips the arm of the enthroned Eglon and stabs him with the other hand
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29c: Samson kills the lion → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29c: Samson kills the lion → Original composition: Samson astride on the lion, grasping with each hand one jaw
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29b: Banaias kills the lion in a cave → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29b: Banaias kills the lion in a cave → Original composition: Banaias stabs the lion, which is lying on its back, with a lance
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29a: Christ vanquishes the devil in limbo → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29a: Christ vanquishes the devil in limbo → Original composition: Christ tramples the devil and attacks him with the Cross and a cross-staff carrying a flag
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 14:5-6: Samson kills the lionType for the Harrowing of Hell (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ defeating the devil in limbo)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 3:17-22: Ehud (Aod) kills EglonType for the Harrowing of Hell (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:20: Banaias kills a lion in a pitType for the Harrowing of Hell (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Jud. 14:5-6: Samson kills the lion (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Jud. 3:17-22: Ehud (Aod) kills Eglon (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with 2 Kings 23:20: Banaias kills a lion in a pit (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Cologne (attributed)
DATE
2nd half 14th century
LOCATION
Cologne, Historisches Archiv → Best. 7020 (W (with asterisk)) 105, p. 112-113
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk