Iconography
HISTORY
Ancient
Tomyris Dipping Cyrus's head into a barrel of blood
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Deborah, Barak and Jael (Jud. 4) Jael drives a nail through Sisera's head (Jud. 4:21)
Judith Judith beheads Holofernes and returns to Bethulia (Judith 13) Judith beheads Holofernes (Judith 13:10)
Virgin Mary
Iconography of the Virgin MaryMary's Compassion with Christ Mary with the Instruments of the Passion, trampling on a devil
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsCologne, Historisches Archiv, Best. 7020 (W (asterisk)) 105 (probably Cologne, second half 14th century)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30d: Tomyris beheads King Cyrus and dips his head into a barrel of blood → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30d: Tomyris beheads King Cyrus and dips his head into a barrel of blood → Original composition: Tomyris hold a sword in one hand and the severed head of Cyrus in the other
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30c: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30c: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head → Original composition: Sisera lies on the ground, holding a shield
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30b: Judith kills Holofernes → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30b: Judith kills Holofernes → Original composition: Judith stands behind Holofernes's bed and lifts the sword to behead him
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30a: Mary with the instruments of the Passion tramples the devil → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30a: Mary with the instruments of the Passion tramples the devil → Original composition: Cross horizontally behind Mary
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 4:21: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's headType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judith Judith 13:8-11: Judith beheads HolofernesType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Tomyris dips the head of Cyrus into bloodType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Tomyris dipping the severed head of Cyrus into a barrel of blood (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Jud. 4:21: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Judith 13:8-11: Judith beheads Holofernes (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
SECULAR ICONOGRAPHY
Coats-of-Arms
Fictive Biblical figuresSisera
Fictive Classical deities and heroesCyrus
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Cologne (attributed)
DATE
2nd half 14th century
LOCATION
Cologne, Historisches Archiv → Best. 7020 (W (with asterisk)) 105, p. 116-117
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk