Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Genesis Abraham and Isaac Lot and the destruction of SodomLot's and his family escape from Sodom (Gen. 19:23, 26)With Lot's wife turned into a pillar of salt
Genesis Abraham and Isaac Youth of AbrahamAbraham thrown into a fire in Ur and liberated by God (Comestor)Abraham pulled out of the fire by God
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsCologne, Historisches Archiv, Best. 7020 (W (asterisk)) 105 (probably Cologne, second half 14th century)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 31: Christ delivering the Fathers from Limbo31d: Lot escaping from Sodom → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 31: Christ delivering the Fathers from Limbo31d: Lot escaping from Sodom → Original composition: At the left an angel standing outside Sodom, in the centre the pillar of salt, at the right Lot and his children climbing up a mountain
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 31: Christ delivering the Fathers from Limbo31c: Abraham delivered from the fire → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 31: Christ delivering the Fathers from Limbo31c: Abraham delivered from the fire → Original composition: God pulls Abraham from the fire (symmetrical)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Genesis Gen. 19:23-26: Lot escapes from Sodom, his wife is turned into a pillar of saltType for the Delivery of the Fathers from Limbo (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Abraham is thrown into the fire in Ur and rescued by GodType for the Liberation of the Fathers from Limbo (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Gen. 19:23-26: Lot escapes from Sodom, his wife is turned into a pillar of salt (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ delivering the souls from limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Abraham delivered by God from the fire in Ur (Comestor, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ delivering the souls from limbo)
Further details
The facing page, which must have shown the liberation of the Fathers from Limbo, is missing
ARTIST/CREATOR
Cologne (attributed)
DATE
2nd half 14th century
LOCATION
Cologne, Historisches Archiv → Best. 7020 (W (with asterisk)) 105, p. 119
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk