Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Genesis The Tower of Babel Confusion of Languages
Exodus The Giving of the Law on Sinai God gives the Law to the Israelites - images differing from the Biblical textGod appears to Moses and the Israelites, handing them the commandments on ten scrolls
3 Kings (A.V. I Kings) Elias and the dearth in Israel (3 Kings 17-18) The widow's supplies run not out (3 Kings 17:15-16)The oil does not run out
Acts of the Apostles
Pentecost The descent of the Holy Spirit Virgin presentWith tongues of flame descending
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsCologne, Historisches Archiv, Best. 7020 (W (asterisk)) 105 (probably Cologne, second half 14th century)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 34: Pentecost34d: After Elias's prayer the oil-jar of the widow of Sarephta becomes never empty → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 34: Pentecost34d: After Elias's prayer the oil-jar of the widow of Sarephta becomes never empty → Original composition: Elias and the widow pour oil from one jar into many others simultaneously, arranged symmetrically
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 34: Pentecost34c: The Israelites receive the Ten Commandments → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 34: Pentecost34c: The Israelites receive the Ten Commandments → Original composition: God, in the top centre, gives the Commandments (as 10 scrolls) to the Israelites
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 34: Pentecost34b: Building of the Tower of Babel → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 34: Pentecost34b: Building of the Tower of Babel → Original composition: Tower of Babel with God at the top and two builders, often with banderoles, on each side
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 34: Pentecost34a: Pentecost → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 34: Pentecost34a: Pentecost → Original composition: God in clouds, beneath rays of fire going down towards Mary and the Apostles
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Genesis Gen. 11:1-9: Building of the Tower of BabelType for Pentecost (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Exodus Exod. 19:16-19, 20:21 and 31:18: The giving of the Law on SinaiType for Pentecost (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 3 Kings 3 Kings 17:23: After Elias's prayer the oil-jar of the widow of Sarephta never becomes emptyType for Pentecost (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Pentecost with Exod. 19:16-19, 20:21 and 31:18: The giving of the Law on Sinai (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Pentecost with Gen. 11:1-9: Building of the Tower of Babel (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Pentecost with 3 Kings 17:23: After Elias's prayer the oil-jar of the widow of Sarephta never becomes empty (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Cologne (attributed)
DATE
2nd half 14th century
LOCATION
Cologne, Historisches Archiv → Best. 7020 (W (with asterisk)) 105, p. 130-131
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk