Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Abimelech (Jud. 9) A woman kills Abimelech by throwing a stone from the tower of Thebes (Jud. 9:50-54)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsMunich, Art Market (1967) and formerly Stra├čburg, Forrer Collection (Fragments, Upper Rhine, c1330-1340) → Stra├čburg fragment (ch. 38-39)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → Original composition: Simultaneously the woman on the tower holds the millstone, it hits Abimelech beneath, his armourbearer kills him
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill himModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill him (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Upper Rhine
DATE
circa 1330 - 1340
LOCATION
Strasbourg, Collection Robert Forrer (in this collection in 1901)
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis, fol. r
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
Evelyn Silber, The early iconography of the Speculum Humanae Salvationis: The Italian connection in the Fourteeenth Century, PhD Cambridge 1982 (typoscr.), pl. 151
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk