Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Abimelech (Jud. 9) A woman kills Abimelech by throwing a stone from the tower of Thebes (Jud. 9:50-54)
Virgin Mary
Iconography of the Virgin MaryMother of Mercy Without child
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsNuremberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Hs. 5970 (Bredt 78, Kapsel 1595 - loose fragments, incomplete set)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → Variant: Simultaneously, the woman on the tower holds the millstone, and the wounded Abimelech waits to be killed by his armourbearer
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38a: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38a: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak → Original composition: Mary without child, protecting the faithful under her cloak
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill himModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 1 Kings 1 Kings 19:12: With Michol's help David escapes through the windowModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Moses stops the siege of Saba after falling in love with Tarbis, daughter of its kingModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith 1 Kings 19:12: With Michol's help David escapes through the window (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill him (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith Moses stopping the siege of Saba after falling in love with Tarbis, daughter of its king (Flavius and Comestor, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
In this manuscript, 38c and 38b are apparently interchanged
ARTIST/CREATOR
Franconian or Bohemian
DATE
circa 1400
LOCATION
Nuremberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum → Hs. 5970 (Kapsel-Nr. 1595, Bredt 78)38a-b (modern numbering 10v)
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis (modern numbering 10v)
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk