Iconography
HISTORY
Ancient
Tomyris Beheading Cyrus
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Deborah, Barak and Jael (Jud. 4) Jael drives a nail through Sisera's head (Jud. 4:21)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsNuremberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Hs. 5970 (Bredt 78, Kapsel 1595 - loose fragments, incomplete set)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30d: Tomyris beheads King Cyrus and dips his head into a barrel of blood → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30d: Tomyris beheads King Cyrus and dips his head into a barrel of blood → Variant: Tomyris beheads Cyrus
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30c: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30c: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head → Variant: Sisera lies on the ground, not holding a shield
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 4:21: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's headType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Tomyris dips the head of Cyrus into bloodType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Tomyris dipping the severed head of Cyrus into a barrel of blood (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Jud. 4:21: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Franconian or Bohemian
DATE
circa 1400
LOCATION
Nuremberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum → Hs. 5970 (Kapsel-Nr. 1595, Bredt 78)30c-d
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk