Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Three Valiant Men (2 Kings 23) Banaias, one of the Three Valiant Men, had once killed a lion in a pit (2 Kings 23:20)
Images of Christ
Risen Christ Triumphant over devil alone
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsNuremberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Hs. 5970 (Bredt 78, Kapsel 1595 - loose fragments, incomplete set)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29b: Banaias kills the lion in a cave → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29b: Banaias kills the lion in a cave → Variant: Banaias attacks the lion with a stick or a club
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29a: Christ vanquishes the devil in limbo → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29a: Christ vanquishes the devil in limbo → Variant: Christ tramples the devil and attacks him with a cross-staff or a lance only
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 14:5-6: Samson kills the lionType for the Harrowing of Hell (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ defeating the devil in limbo)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 3:17-22: Ehud (Aod) kills EglonType for the Harrowing of Hell (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:20: Banaias kills a lion in a pitType for the Harrowing of Hell (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Jud. 14:5-6: Samson kills the lion (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with Jud. 3:17-22: Ehud (Aod) kills Eglon (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with 2 Kings 23:20: Banaias kills a lion in a pit (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Franconian or Bohemian
DATE
circa 1400
LOCATION
Nuremberg, Germanisches Nationalmuseum → Hs. 5970 (Kapsel-Nr. 1595, Bredt 78)29a-b
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk