Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Life of Christ
Passion Before the Crucifixion Christ nailed to the crossCross not fully raised up, Christ being both nailed onto it and stretched out with ropes
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsRome, Biblioteca Corsiniana, MS 55.K.2 (Avignon, first half 14th century, Rossi 17)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 23: Christ nailed to the Cross23a: Christ nailed to the Cross → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 23: Christ nailed to the Cross23a: Christ nailed to the Cross → Original composition: Cross diagonal, two executioners nailing Christ to the cross, two others stretch His body with ropes
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 4 Kings 4 Kings 3:27: The King of Moab sacrifices his eldest son on the walls to end a siegeType for Christ being nailed to the Cross (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Christ nailed to the Cross with the hammering of Tubal-Cain, the first smith, inspiring Jubal to invent singing (Comestor, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Christ nailed to the Cross with Isaias sawn into pieces (non-biblical, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Christ nailed to the Cross As model for St Francis assuming the habit and leaving girdle, shoes and bag behind (perhaps alluding to the Stripping of Christ)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Christ nailed to the Cross As model for St Francis showing the Gospel to his companion Bernard (the titulus refers to Christ praying for His persecutors)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Christ nailed to the Cross with 4 Kings 3:27: The King of Moab sacrifices his eldest son on the walls to end a siege (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Isaias is sawn in two by command of King ManassesType for Christ nailed to the Cross (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types The hammering of Tubal-Cain, the first smith, inspire Jubal to invent music Type for Christ nailed to the Cross (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical modelsFrancis St Francis assuming the habit and leaving girdle, shoes and bag behindwith Christ nailed to the Cross (perhaps alluding to the Stripping of Christ before the Crucifixion)
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical modelsFrancis St Francis shows the Gospel to his companion Bernardwith Christ nailed to the Cross (the titulus refers to Christ praying for His persecutors)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Avignon
DATE
1st half 14th century
LOCATION
Rome, Biblioteca Corsiniana → 55.K.2 (Rossi 17), fol. 33v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk