Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Samson (Jud. 13-16) The Jawbone of an Ass (Jud. 15:9-19)Samson kills the Philistines with the jawbone of an ass (Jud. 15:15-16)
Life of Christ
Passion Betrayal and arrest of Christ The soldiers fall back
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsTurin, Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria, MS I.II.11 (perhaps Catalan, second quarter 15th century)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17b: Samson kills thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an ass → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17b: Samson kills thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an ass → Original composition: Samson stands in the centre, the jawbone above his head, with the enemies at his feet
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17a: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 17: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground17a: The soldiers who come to arrest Christ fall to the ground → Variant: Christ, sometimes with Apostles, facing standing and collapsed soldiers at one side
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 3:31: Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshareType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 15:15: Samson kills thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an assType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:8: David, although like a tender little worm of the wood, killed eight-hundred enemiesType for the soldiers who came to arrest Christ falling to the ground (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ The soldiers fall back with 2 Kings 23:8: David, although like a tender little worm of the wood, killed eight-hundred enemies (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ The soldiers fall back with Jud. 3:31: Samgar kills six-hundred Philistines with a ploughshare (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ The soldiers fall back with Jud. 15:15: Samson kills thousand Philistines with the jawbone of an ass (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Catalonia (attributed)
DATE
2nd quarter 15th century localised and dated because of similarity with Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ms. Douce 204
LOCATION
Turin, Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria → I.II.11, fol. 20r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk