Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Daniel Nabuchodonosor's second dream and madness (Dan. 4) Nabuchodonosor dreams of the tree (Dan. 4:6-14)Destruction of the Tree (Dan. 4:10-14)With the watcher commanding to destroy the tree and a man preparing to cut it down, with the sleeping Nabuchodonosor
Life of Christ
Passion CrucifixionThree crossesWithout centurion's conversionChrist's side not being pierced, nor vinegar offered → Virgin fainting
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsTurin, Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria, MS I.II.11 (perhaps Catalan, second quarter 15th century)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 24: Crucifixion24b: King Nabuchodonosor dreams of the tree that is cut down by angels → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 24: Crucifixion24b: King Nabuchodonosor dreams of the tree that is cut down by angels → Variant: Tree in centre, king in bed that stretches across the image, angel and man with axe, but no longer divided into two registers
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 24: Crucifixion24a: Christ on the Cross → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 24: Crucifixion24a: Christ on the Cross → Original composition: Three crosses, with Mary and John only, several texts on banderoles
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Daniel Dan. 4:7-14: Nabuchodonosor's dream of a large tree that is cut down, which foretells his temporary madnessType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 1 Machabees 1 Mach. 6:46: Eleazar kills an elephant from beneath and is crushed by itType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Death of King Codrus of AthensSpeculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 1 Mach. 6:46: Eleazar kills an elephant from beneath and is crushed by it (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Dan. 4:7-14: Nabuchodonosor's dream of a large tree that is cut down, which foretells his temporary madness (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Death of King Codrus of AthensType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Catalonia (attributed)
DATE
2nd quarter 15th century localised and dated because of similarity with Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ms. Douce 204
LOCATION
Turin, Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria → I.II.11, fol. 28r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk