Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Three Valiant Men (2 Kings 23) Banaias, one of the Three Valiant Men, had once killed a lion in a pit (2 Kings 23:20)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsTurin, Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria, MS I.II.11 (perhaps Catalan, second quarter 15th century)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29b: Banaias kills the lion in a cave → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 29: Christ vanquishing the devil in Limbo through His Passion29b: Banaias kills the lion in a cave → Variant: Banaias stabs the lion, which is not lying on its back, with a lance
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 23:20: Banaias kills a lion in a pitType for the Harrowing of Hell (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Antitypes for episodes from the Resurrection of Christ to the Coronation of the Virgin Harrowing of Hell with 2 Kings 23:20: Banaias kills a lion in a pit (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for Christ vanquishing the devil in limbo)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Catalonia (attributed)
DATE
2nd quarter 15th century localised and dated because of similarity with Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ms. Douce 204
LOCATION
Turin, Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria → I.II.11, fol. 33r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk