Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judith Judith beheads Holofernes and returns to Bethulia (Judith 13) Judith beheads Holofernes (Judith 13:10)
Virgin Mary
Iconography of the Virgin MaryMary's Compassion with Christ Mary with the Instruments of the Passion, trampling on a devil
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsTurin, Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria, MS I.II.11 (perhaps Catalan, second quarter 15th century)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30b: Judith kills Holofernes → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30b: Judith kills Holofernes → Variant: Judith prepares to stab or cut Holofernes into the throat
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30a: Mary with the instruments of the Passion tramples the devil → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 30: Mary vanquishing the devil through compassion with Christ30a: Mary with the instruments of the Passion tramples the devil → Variant: Mary holds the Cross (obliquely)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 4:21: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's headType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judith Judith 13:8-11: Judith beheads HolofernesType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Tomyris dips the head of Cyrus into bloodType for Mary vanquishing the devil (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Tomyris dipping the severed head of Cyrus into a barrel of blood (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Jud. 4:21: Jael drives a nail into Sisera's head (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary vanquishing the devilwith Judith 13:8-11: Judith beheads Holofernes (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Catalonia (attributed)
DATE
2nd quarter 15th century localised and dated because of similarity with Oxford, Bodleian Library, Ms. Douce 204
LOCATION
Turin, Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria → I.II.11, fol. 34r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
DESCRIPTION
Evelyn Silber gift
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk