(photo on external web page)
Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
Judges Abimelech (Jud. 9) A woman kills Abimelech by throwing a stone from the tower of Thebes (Jud. 9:50-54)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsVatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Pal. lat. 413 (Hermann Wynrich von Wesel, between 1400 and 1414)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 38: Mary protecting the faithful under her cloak38c: When Abimelech besieged Thebes, a woman killed him by throwing down a millstone → Original composition: Simultaneously the woman on the tower holds the millstone, it hits Abimelech beneath, his armourbearer kills him
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament Judges Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill himModel for Mary protecting the Faithful (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Hagiographic Scenes with biblical models Virgin MaryMary as Protector and Intercessorwith Jud. 9:53-54: Abimelech attacks the tower of Sichem, is wounded by a stone thrown down by a woman, and asks his armourbearer to kill him (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Wynrich, Hermann, von Wesel (documented 1378-1413)
DATE
early 15th century
LOCATION
Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana → Pal. lat. 413, fol. 42r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Find out more
RELATIONS
Universit├Ątsbibliothek Heidelberg (images without watermarks)
Acknowledgements
Images on external web-page, used with kind permission of the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk