Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
1 Kings (A.V. I Samuel) David and Goliath (1 Kings 17) David shows the head of Goliath to Saul (1 Kings 17:57)
2 Machabees (A.V. Maccabees) Heliodorus struck down by angels (2 Mach. 3:24-27)
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsParis, Bibliothèque Nationale, Latin 9584, and Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, MS 43-1950 (Tuscany or North-Eastern Italy, c1370-1390) → Chapters 8c-16b (Cambridge, fols. 1-8)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 15: Entry into Jerusalem15d: Heliodorus scourged by angels → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 15: Entry into Jerusalem15d: Heliodorus scourged by angels → Original composition: Heliodorus attacked by one rider and two men on foot
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 15: Entry into Jerusalem15c: Triumph of David (Variant: Expulsion of the money-changers) → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 15: Entry into Jerusalem15c: Triumph of David (Variant: Expulsion of the money-changers) → Variant: David brings Goliath's head to Saul (without a large crowd)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 1 Kings 1 Kings 17:54: David returns in triumph with the head of GoliathType for the Entry into Jerusalem (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Maccabees 2 Macc. 3:25-27: Heliodorus is scourged by angelsType for the Entry into Jerusalem (SHS, text links it rather with the - normally not depicted - Expulsion of money-changers)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Entry into Jerusalem with 1 Kings 17:54: David returns in triumph with the head of Goliath (BP, SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Entry into Jerusalem with 2 Macc. 3:25-27: Heliodorus is scourged by angels (SHS, text links it rather with the - normally not depicted - Expulsion of money-changers)Speculum Humanae Salvationis
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Tuscan or Italian (North-Eastern)
DATE
circa 1370 - circa 1390
LOCATION
Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum → 43-1950, fol. 8r
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
Montague Rhodes James and Bernhard Berenson, Speculum Humanae Salvationis. Being a reproduction of an Italian manuscript of the fourteenth century, Oxford 1926
Find out more
RELATIONS
Fitzwilliam Museum
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk