Iconography
RELIGIOUS ICONOGRAPHY
Old Testament
2 Kings (A.V. II Samuel) The Ark returns to Jerusalem (2 Kings 6-7) David dances before the Ark (2 Kings 6:16)David plays an instrument rather than dancing - with Michol despising him
Life of Christ
Passion CrucifixionSingle crossWith soldiers, but without centurion's conversionChrist's side being pierced, vinegar not offered
Typology and Prophecy
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisManuscriptsParis, Bibliothèque Nationale, Latin 9584, and Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, MS 43-1950 (Tuscany or North-Eastern Italy, c1370-1390) → Chapters 24b-32b (Cambridge, fols. 9-16)
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25b: Michol reproaches David for dancing in front of the Ark of the Covenant → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25b: Michol reproaches David for dancing in front of the Ark of the Covenant → Variant: David playing the harp (alone) seen by Michol from the upper storey of a house
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25a: The crucified Christ mocked by the Jews → All images
CyclesManuscripts and Prints Speculum humanae salvationisChapter 25: The dead Christ mocked and pierced with a lance25a: The crucified Christ mocked by the Jews → Variant: A soldier piercing Christ's side, without Mary or John
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swordsType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Types and Prophecies from the Old Testament 2 Kings 2 Kings 6:15-16, 20-22: David dances before the Ark of the Covenant and is rebuked by his wife MicholType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with Evilmerodach cutting the dead body of his father Nabuchodonosor into 300 parts (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 2 Kings 18:14-15: Absalom is attacked first with three spears and then with swords (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Antitypes for episodes from the Passion of Christ Crucifixion with 2 Kings 6:15-16, 20-22: David dances before the Ark of the Covenant and is rebuked by his wife Michol (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of the Dead Christ)
Non-biblical narratives treated as Types Evil-Merodach cuts the body of Evil-Merodach into 300 partsType for the Crucifixion (SHS)Speculum Humanae Salvationis (Type for the Mocking of Christ on the Cross)
Further details
ARTIST/CREATOR
Tuscan or Italian (North-Eastern)
DATE
circa 1370 - circa 1390
LOCATION
Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum → 43-1950, fol. 9v
TEXT/BOOK/DOCUMENT (SOURCE OF PHOTO)
Speculum humanae salvationis
Notes on photograph
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
Montague Rhodes James and Bernhard Berenson, Speculum Humanae Salvationis. Being a reproduction of an Italian manuscript of the fourteenth century, Oxford 1926
Find out more
RELATIONS
Fitzwilliam Museum
Contact
For comments or queries, please contact photographic.collect@sas.ac.uk